Charles the Great: Holy Roman Emperor
Michael D. Robbins © 2003
April 2, 742, Aachen, Germany,
(Speculatively 12:30 LMT, according to Marc Penfield). Died, January
28, 814, Aix-la-Chapelle, or Aachen, Austrasia.
(Ascendant, Leo with Saturn
in Leo, H1; MC in Aries with Sun, Venus and Jupiter all conjunct in
Aries, Sun and Venus loosely conjunct to the MC; Moon in Capricorn;
Mercury in Pisces conjunct Chiron; Mars in Gemini; Uranus in Aquarius
conjunct Descendant; Neptune in Taurus; Pluto in Libra).
Charlemagne was the grandson
of Charles Martel who saved France from the predations of Arab armies.
In 768 Charlemagne became king of the Franks.
We see that the Sun, Moon
and Rising Sign are placed in the three signs which convey the first
ray. Aries, his Sun Sign, is the preeminent sign of the first ray. When,
in the case of a first ray soul, the Sun is conjunct the Midheaven,
as it is here, tremendous authority is conferred.
Charlemagne was a great military
leader. Pluto in Libra, Mars (the “God of War” and exoteric
ruler of his Aries Sun) and Uranus (the planet of electric will) are
in a grand trine expressing ease of expression.
The main concern of Charlemagne
was to spread Christianity. This motive bespeaks the presence of the
sixth ray. Indeed we see the two sixth ray planets (Mars and Neptune)
widely conjunct (8º), and Vesta, a major asteroid partially connected
with the devotion and commitment of the sixth ray, is in the Mars-ruled
sign, Aries, conjunct the MC.
By extending his domains,
he hoped also to widen the influence of the Christian Religion. We notice
that his Aries planets, Sun, Venus and Jupiter are all conjunct or widely
conjunct in H9 where religious/spiritual quests and expansions of the
scope of the self are undertaken; it is the Sagittarian house.
Charlemagne was a reformer;
notice that the hierarchical ruler of Aries, Uranus, is conjunct the
seventh or Libran house cusp which social reform is undertaken. Much
of the first and seventh ray flows through Uranus, and so, for him,
this planet represents the Shamballa Force in its organizational and
Uranus is not only the hierarchical
ruler of his Aries Sun but the veiled hierarchical ruler of his Leo
Ascendant so it is, for Charlemagne, a very important planet (especially
as it is placed in its own sign, Aquarius, stimulating the possibility
of cultural reformation). While it is permissible to use the hierarchical
rulers only in connection with confirmed initiates of the third degree
(or those for whom this initiation is imminent), Charlemagne was certainly
at least a prominent disciple upon the first ray.
His importance to European
civilization and culture is indisputable, and he became a great agent
for constructive social and educational change (this capacity strengthened
by the prominent Uranus). His commitment to Christianity, his sincerity,
piety and real humility mark him as an initiate of some degree. It would
seem that he had “met the Christ” and was at least an initiate
of the first degree and perhaps of the second. In his amassing of power,
principle played an important role.
There are similarities between
Charlemagne and Akbar the Great of India. Charlemagne is thought to
have been illiterate (not unintelligent, but incapable of reading);
the same is true, so it is said, of Akbar. Charlemagne, like Akbar,
welcomed numerous scholars and artists to his court and encouraged education.
He helped the monasteries and improved the legal system (Uranus at the
seventh house of law and legality).
His beneficent orientation
was supported by the Sun and two “benefic” planets, Jupiter
and Venus (all three of which express the second ray in one aspect or
another of their energy system), all found in the ninth house of higher
education, religion and legal perspective. The improvement of the legal
system is reinforced by Uranus, the planet which, at its best, seeks
improvement in any field of experience to which it may be related. In
the seventh house, Uranus would be focussed on law, legality and improved
It is said of Charlemagne
that he respected art and encouraged crafts workers to settle and work
his lands. Here we see the effect of the Sun/Venus conjunction in Aries.
Venus, let it be remembered, is, among other things, the planet of art,
and conveys the culturing and uplifting influence of the Solar Angel.
at Aachen became the seat of an intellectual and cultural renaissance.
Here, again, we see the influence of the Sun/Venus conjunction and the
stellium of planets in the ninth house (the house of philosophy and
Charlemagne was a great patron
of education (showing his deep link to the second ray). During his reign
numerous schools for children of all classes were established. Astrologically
we may attribute this benevolence to second ray Jupiter and partially
second ray Venus conjunct the second ray Sun in house nine, archetypally
ruled by Jupiter. In the proposed chart, the second or Sagittarian decanate
of Leo rises (giving a Jupiterian flavor), and Leo often has a special
interest in the education and expression of children.
We note as well that the
ruler of the fifth house of children and their education is Jupiter,
since Sagittarius is placed on the fifth house cusp. Jupiter (the educator)
and Chiron (the guide and mentor) are in close parallel of declination
and are contraparallel to Mercury (the planet traditionally associated
with learning). We can see how much Charlemagne respected knowledge
and the mind, and how he sought to give the kind of opportunity to children
which perhaps he, himself, had lacked (Mercury in Pisces conjunct Chiron).
Charlemagne had a good relationship
with the Pope, Leo III. When, at the Pope’s desperate request,
he visited Rome in December of 800 (pitting himself against the Pope’s
enemies), the Pope crowned him Emperor of the Romans (the first Holy
Roman Emperor). Napoleon, who also was on the first ray, and had powerful
Leo in his chart, crowned himself emperor. Charlemagne had no such arrogance.
The soul ray of Charlemagne
was clearly the first, for, in the Western world, he was one of the
greatest of all kings and leaders. Aries is the foremost sign of this
ray and it is in the most elevated position—widely conjunct the
MC. Saturn, also a first ray planet, is in the first house in the first
ray sign Leo. There is a triangle which includes Leo/Saturn/Shamballa
and we can think of it as effective here. Charlemagne’s Saturn,
then, could be considered as one of the conduits for the Shamballa Force,
with which, as a synthesizer and unifier, he was so abundantly provided.
Indications of the second
and sixth ray are, however, present from both biographical reports and
from his chart. Sun/Venus and Sun/Jupiter conjunctions would both reinforce
the heart-line energy and, in general, the second ray. Sixth ray energy
was also present, reinforced through the wide Mars/Neptune conjunction
and Vesta/MC conjunction.. The seventh ray would also be powerful as
seventh ray Uranus was angular.
It is to be noted that Chiron
(the wound) conjuncts a retrograde Mercury in Pisces. This gives subtlety
of thought (perhaps along the fourth ray line), but also a potential
sense of inadequacy (well concealed). It could have contributed to his
high estimation of scholars and artists—a kind of compensation.
Perhaps Charlemagne had certain fears in relation to verbal expression
and compensated for this by encouraging it in others.
information below, with photos]
Charlemagne has been celebrated,
romanticized and “lionized” (Leo, Ascendant) far beyond
the reality of his true character, though doubtless he was a great man.
He contained many contradictions (perhaps the indication of a fourth
ray in the mind), though under the Law of Synthesis he attempted to
‘contain’ those contradictions and harmonize them within
He had both personal piety
and humility, as priestly, reverent Vesta on the MC and a disciplining
Capricorn Moon near the cusp of the serving sixth house could suggest.
Yet he could be rough and brutal forcing those he conquered to convert
to Christianity (sixth ray strong in the personality and Pluto in the
third house of mind opposing the conjunction of faith—Sun/Jupiter
in the ninth, Mars in Gemini—forcing thought of a particular kind—i.e.,
His longest and most bloody
wars were against the pagan Saxons. Subdued and forced to convert. they
later rose again in rebellion; the punishment meted out by the victorious
Charlemagne was terrible. On one occasion 4500 Saxons were executed
en masse (a period of time during which cruel Pluto, natally square
his Capricorn Moon, was also transiting that Moon.).
He had an indomitable will
power (the gift of his three major signs, Aries, Leo and Capricorn)
but also a sense of religious mission, the result of a powerful sixth
ray (reinforced by a wide Mars/Neptune conjunction) with Mars trine
Pluto, but also linking him to the second ray of Love-Wisdom (perhaps
the primary ray of the spirit). While his manners were often rough,
he quested after intellectual growth. For all strength on the field
of battle, and refusal to relent in relation to his enemies, still,
his rectitude and justness could not be doubted.
The chart chosen for Charlemagne
(by Marc Penfield), though speculative with respect to the time, has
much to recommend it and emphasizes admirably the main features of his
life and character. At the time that he was crowned “Holy Roman
Emperor” (and, even, perhaps anointed), by Pope Leo III (the period
of his second Saturn return, when merit is realized), transiting Jupiter
in Pisces (symbol of the Pope) was conjuncting his progressed Vertex
(point of fate), and there had been just two weeks earlier an eclipse
on his natal Vertex. On that Christmas day in 800, the transiting Moon
was also in Pisces.
In attempting to confirm
that a likely chart is being used, we turn to the Vertex. The Vertex
point is an angle of the chart and thus very time-sensitive. The occurrence
of important astrological events involving the Vertex at the times when
those events actually occurred, indicate the reasonableness of this
chart. As well, transiting Uranus was conjuncting the IC (another time-sensitive
point). Progressing Jupiter, with its uplifting effect, was also very
close to the MC.
Charlemagne received a great
elevation in status from this Coronation, which held before Europe a
vision of union and empire which a thousand years later inspired the
ambitions of Napoleon who sought to create a kind of replica of the
Holy Roman Empire.
The Piscean influence at
this climactic moment was very strong, as the progressing Moon had just
entered Pisces and transiting Jupiter was in that sign, conjuncting
Certainly, Charlemagne (though
ostensibly holding temporal power over the Church) sought to cooperate
with and strengthen the Church of Rome (and for this he was handsomely
rewarded). Throughout Medieval Europe, Charlemagne (called by a poet,
the “King-Father of Europe) was considered the prototype of a
Christian king and emperor. Something other than the self-glorifying
egotism commonly found in those upon the first ray was at work.
The fixed stars, the testimony
of which is so often invoked in relation to kings and those in positions
of great power, are very indicative. The Sun (already exalted in Aries)
is parallel the powerful star Altair, indicating strength and courage
to go forward in life, to seize the moment. It also may indicate aggressive
action. As Altair is in the Eagle, it confers the power to aspire and
to rise above ordinary accomplishment.
The Sun is even more closely
parallel to Betelgeuse (a star promoting major successes and good fortune),
thus contributing to the successful outcome of so many of Charlemagne’s
undertakings. In occultism, the quality of Betelgeuse seems related
to both the sixth and second rays; we recognize these rays in Charlemagne’s
interest in both religion and education.
Mercury (the esoteric ruler
of the Aries Sun and dispositor of Mars) is conjuncting Alpheratz, a
star expressing the urge for freedom and rapidity of movement, no doubt
useful for one who has to “think fast” in military campaigns.
Saturn is conjunct Zosma (a star related to victimization and persecution,
or to those who fight for the victimized and persecuted. Many non-Christians
must have felt persecuted and victimized by Charlemagne’s religious
zeal, militarily enforced. On the other hand he was frequently seen
coming to aid and rescue.
The most impressive aspects
involving the stars show a great star of control, order, regulation
and rulership, Regulus “the Heart of the Lion”, conjunct
the Ascendant, and parallel the Ascendant as well. This is one of the
“Four Royal Stars” and according to one modern star theorist
(B. Brady), promises success if revenge is avoided.
Charlemagne was a just man,
but against perceived betrayal of trust and religious apostasy, he was
merciless. The degree to which he built an empire and sought the widest
possible control can be related to the prominence of Regulus. He did,
however and unfortunately, engage in apparently vengeful acts which
did not strengthen him, even within his court.
Interestingly Ceres, the
asteroid of nurturance is also parallel Regulus, and may indicate the
manner in which he used his power to promote education and culture.
As for the monadic ray, one
cannot with assurance speculate, and yet, there is a suggestion of a
close relation to the Christ Force, and hence, the possibility of the
second ray. His labors on behalf of education and culture also suggest
the importance of the second ray.
Although the empire Charlemagne
created lasted but one generation, his reputation became a huge force
in the European psyche, and he was celebrated for hundreds of year in
inspiring, romantic legends. After his death, he was beatified and in
some churches he was honored as a saint. We see the astrological reason
for his glorious reputation in the elevated Sun, Jupiter and Venus all
conjunct in the ninth house near the MC. The Sun, of course, is ruler
of the Leo Ascendant (associated with radiant identity)
Charlemagne, like many of
the greatest warriors and conquerors, acted, however unconsciously,
under the Shamballic Law of Synthesis. Others have attempted, though
unsuccessfully, to unify the various peoples of Europe—Napoleon,
for instance, and in a more limited way, Bismarck. The wild dreams of
Hitler also encompassed this possibility.
was far more benevolent. One can sense that his work was related to
the Divine Plan—separating the Church of Rome from subservience
to Byzantium, subduing pagan peoples in the interests of familiarizing
them with Christ and his mission, and, in general spreading the influence
and power of Christianity (an act required by the Plan during the Piscean
Age). (A trans-Neptunian hypothetical planet Apollon, rising in his
chart, is interesting in this respect.)
In so many ways he became
an Leonian example for rulers of far lesser stature who followed him.
He is remembered as a noble man (higher Leo), not mean or petty in his
spirit. Although he was bold, confident, and self-assured, he was by
no means a selfish egotist. He recognized a power higher than his own
and maintained an attitude of humility in relation to that power.
As a unifier of the Europe—intellectually,
religiously and politically—he holds an unparalleled position.
Though his achievements could not last under the subsequent leadership
of lesser men than himself, a great example had been set, and European
rulers for the next millennium, though they could not live up to that
example, at least had to reckon with it.